Prevalence Of Lifestyle Diseases

      Disease        May 22, 2019        Infilife

The burden of lifestyle diseases (non-communicable diseases) is increasing rapidly, worldwide. Faulty lifestyle with increase intake of junk food, inadequate exercise, sedentary lifestyle and stress play a major role in increasing the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, hypertension, etc.

In India, the prevalence of lifestyle diseases is on the rise. According to study by Confederation of Indian Industry(CII-2017), there are approximately 5.8 million Indians dying from heart and lung diseaes, stroke, cancer and diabetes, every year. So, it is estimated that one out of 4 Indians is at risk of dying from lifestyle disease before the age of 70 every year. Contrary to the popular belief that only rich people suffer from lifestyle diseases, studies have proven that actual prevalence of lifestyle style diseases are similar in the rich and poor.

Presently Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major contributor to death by lifestyle diseases (52% of NCD associated deaths and 29% of total deaths)

  • Tobacco -In India there are about 275 million tobacco users.  Approximately 1 million death occur per year by tobacco use especially amongst poor and in 30-69 age group. people. It is estimated that by 2030, nearly 1.5 million deaths will occur annually from tobacco use.
  • Physical activity- it is estimated that 29% of the Indian population in physically inactive, which is a major contributor to deaths by lifestyle diseases.
  • Cardiovascular diseases-(CVD) During the past 10 years, cardiac disease prevalence has increased by 4 times in rural settings and by 6 times in urban settings. Presently, 2.7 million people approximately die of CVD and this is projected to increase by 1.5 million by 2030. Estimates indicate that currently there are about 30 million coronary heart disease (CHD) patients, with 14 million residing in rural and 16 million in urban areas. Nearly about 10-12% of deaths due to stroke are under 40 years of age.
  • Diabetes mellitus- Latest report from International Diabetes Federation (IDF) indicates that there are about 65 million people with diabetes, with projected increase to 109 million by 2035, worldwide. Prevalence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus is rising rapidly and India is often known as “Diabetes capital” of the world. Presently in India diabetes accounts for almost a million deaths annually.
  • Hypertension – Is the leading cause for CVD and accounts for 57% of all stroke deaths and 24% of all coronary heart disease deaths. In urban settings, 20-40%adults and in in rural settings, 12-17% of people suffer from hypertension. By 2025, there would be 213 million people would be hypertensives.
  • Cancer- In India, there are approximately 800,000 new cases of cancer and 550,000 deaths annually. The most common cancers in men are those of the oral cavity, oesophagus and lung while in women the main sites are the cervix, breast and ovaries.

Doctors and healthcare facilitators at Infilife are there for you in your neighbourhood. At Infilife, we teach you to have a healthy lifestyle and to never compromise on your health. Infilife is a chain of multispecialty clinics, in your neighbourhood, which has a team of specialized doctors which give you personalized attention and guidance for preventing lifestyle diseases enabling you to lead a healthy, happy and a stress-free life.