Diabetes mellitus, or simply diabetes, is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas is no longer able to make insulin, or when the body cannot make good use of the insulin it produces.
The three main types of diabetes – type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes affects the body’s ability to produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes affects the body’s ability to use insulin well. Gestational diabetes impacts the body’s ability to use blood sugar during pregnancy.
Type 1 diabetes is not preventable, but type 2 diabetes mellitus can be prevented.
Below are few prevention tips which are recommended:
Regular blood sugar checkup- Keep a regular check on your blood sugars especially if you are above 45 years, have a family history of diabetes, are overweight, are leading a sedentary lifestyle.
More Physical activity- Choose any form of exercise (dancing, swimming, aerobics, walking, cycling) and follow it regularly. Exercising 30 minutes every day for 5 days in a week prevents development of diabetes mellitus. Regular exercise can help you lose weight, lower your blood sugars, increases your sensitivity to insulin, thereby preventing type 2 diabetes.
Lose extra weight- Obesity is a major risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes. Overweight people who can lose 5 to 7% of their weight can prevent diabetes.
Eat healthy diet to promote weight loss and maintain a healthy weight. Avoid food which are high in unhealthy fats and cholesterol and packages foods. Eat whole grains, fruits and homemade food.
Include more fiber in your diet. This reduces the risk of having diabetes, keeps you full, lowers the risk of heart disease and promotes weight loss.
Include whole grains in the diet. This reduces the risk of having type 2 diabetes and maintains your blood sugar levels.
No junk foods in the diet
Quit smoking- According to studies, smokers are 50% likely to develop type 2 diabetes than non-smokers. Quitting smoking will prevent the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Nicotine patches, gums, counseling can help in quitting smoking.
Avoid excess alcohol intake- Drinking excess alcohol increases type 2 diabetes risk. However, some studies say that moderate drinking of alcohol does not predispose the individual to risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Our doctors at Infilife aim to keep your blood sugars in check by regularly reminding you to monitor your sugars and provide guidance on the measures to prevent type 2 diabetes mellitus. Infilife is a chain of multispecialty clinics, in your neighbourhood, which has a team of specialized doctors which give you personalized attention and guidance for preventing lifestyle diseases enabling you to lead a healthy, happy and a stress-free life.